Technical Assistance (TA) program to strengthen SBM-G program delivery institutions at select states- Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and Jharkhand for ODF+ activities vis-a-vis community approaches for sustaining the ODF outcomes, fecal sludge management and solid and liquid waste management (SLWM), The World Bank Group.
The Government of India has prioritized rural sanitation under the Swachh Bharat Mission- Gramin (SBM-G) – Clean India Campaign for rural India with a prime objective of making India Open Defecation Free (ODF) by 2019. To support the achievement of SBM-G-targets, the World Bank Group (WBG) is providing a USD 1.5 billion loan to the Government of India as performance incentives for sanitation improvement in rural areas and support to the National Ministry for strengthening institutional capacities on program management, advocacy, and communications. In addition, a Technical Assistance (TA) program has been initiated, to strengthen SBM-G program delivery institutions at the national level, and in select states such as Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and Jharkhand.
The rural sanitation sector in the country has undergone shifts in its approach to achieve better outcomes. These are caused by the realization that conventional approaches, which had focused on targeting individual households with upfront hardware subsidies, have been unable to convince entire communities to adopt safe sanitation practices even when combined with an emphasis on behavior change. The Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) approach on the other hand tends to concentrate more on achieving community-wide sanitary behavior outcomes supported by appropriate ways to ignite change and recognition of the leading role of communities in securing the desired outcome of an open defecation free environment. CLTS primarily focuses on ending open defecation by the entire community and environmentally safe confinement of human waste, along with overall improvement of the environment. The approach promotes an intervention that ‘triggers’ the community into changing their sanitation practices throughout the community, at an accelerated pace. The community, empowered as a result of the participatory self-analysis of its sanitation situation, takes responsibility to change the sanitation practices of all, seeks to support the marginalized members through appropriate support and ensures sustainability through local level monitoring. Along with ensuring sustainable behavior change, field-level experiences have demonstrated the importance of ensuring that households and users have access to a range of appropriate safe sanitation technology options suitable for different geographical contexts.
The large-scale replication of such a participatory approach to rural sanitation requires extensive focus on capacity building of a range of key stakeholders especially those who motivate communities. Concurrent assessments of SBM-G undertaken by the WBG have identified an urgent need of strengthening training capacity in the states to develop sufficient human resource capacity at the district and block levels to plan and implement successful district-wide ODF campaigns.
TRIOs has been providing services to support select states- Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and Jharkhand in strengthening technical training capacity in the areas of participatory approaches to rural sanitation for SBM-G. Until now the focus has been on achieving Open Defecation Free (ODF) villages and the government now focuses on ODF+ activities vis-a-vis community approaches for sustaining the ODF outcomes, fecal sludge management and addressing other issues of rural sanitation such as solid and liquid waste management (SLWM). Therefore, TRIOs has been retained by the World Bank to support for strengthening technical training capacity for ODF+ activities also in the focus states.
TRIOs will continue to work in Bihar, Jharkhand and Uttar Pradesh and provide training and handholding support for ODF+ activities to develop master trainers to facilitate ODF+ activities.