Study “Children in Street Situations” in 10 Cities (Delhi, Agra, Allahabad, Kanpur, Lucknow, Mughalsarai, Mumbai, Nasik, Pune and Kolkata) of Four States to link them with Aadhar cards- Save the Children
You have seen them knocking at our car window, selling books at a traffic signal or working at a local eatery. Sometimes, you offer them food, sometimes money and very often you turn the other way, making them #The Invisibles. These Children in street situations are a common sight in urban India and among the most vulnerable groups, with limited access to protection, education, health-care and adult supervision. Every day is a struggle for survival, food, water, clothing, shelter, medicine and protection. This vulnerability and desperation compels them to start earning from an early age and hence engaging in undignified work like rag-picking, street vending, domestic help and begging.
Despite their high prevalence, till recently there was negligible data on the number of children in street situations in the country. With the exception of the National Census conducted every 10 years, children in street situations find no place in national level polices, laws, programmes and budgetary allocations. Instead, children in street situations are covered, in India, under the category of vulnerable groups in need of care and protection such as those engaged in child labour or those out of school. The lack of convergence and co-ordination between various government departments also play a crucial role in the inability to access social protection schemes established for the children in street situations.
Bal Raksha Bharat, commonly known as Save the Children India is implementing a project on children in street situations in the states of Uttar Pradesh, Delhi, Maharashtra and West Bengal through which it intends to link children in street situations with Aadhar card. With access to a legal proof of identity (the Aadhar card), the children will most importantly be able to stake claim on their most basic rights with respect to education, healthcare, financial inclusion and employment and up-skilling.
Services of TRIOs are to identify children in street situations in 10 cities (Delhi, Agra, Allahabad, Kanpur, Lucknow, Mughalsarai, Mumbai, Nasik, Pune and Kolkata) in four states.
► Exhaustive literature review and secondary research
► Carry out a headcount/census of children in street situations in the cities of Delhi, Agra, Allahabad, Kanpur, Lucknow, Mughalsarai, Mumbai, Nasik, Pune and Kolkata. If unable to identify 2,00,000 children in these 10 cities, enumeration would be done in 4 more cities i.e. Noida, Faridabad, Ghaziabad and Gurugram.
► Find out the status of children in street situations in terms of
Who have Aadhar or are linked to any other social protection scheme (there could a variation in different states) and accessing
Who have Aadhar or are linked to any other social protection scheme and are not accessing
Who do not have Adhar or are not linked to any other social protection scheme and are able or unable to access
Socio-economic and related conditions of the street children in the above mentioned cities.
► Qualitative Survey which include FGD with children and families to understand the lives of street children and their fears, aspirations and perspectives. IDIs with service providers and key stakeholders to get a holistic picture of the functioning of administrative and institutional structures and systems that reaches out to street children.
The findings of the study would be used to find out the status of children in street situations who have been linked with Aadhar Card and any other social protection schemes, link those who have not been linked to it so far and link children in street situations with govt. social protection services.